I created a narrated presentation based on Chapter 6, Applying the Modality Principle, from Clark & Mayers book titled e-Learning and the Science of Instruction. In brief, the modality principle focuses on presenting words as speech rather than on-screen text to accompany graphics or animation.

My narrated presentation consists of one sketchnote slide with added narration along the way. Click on the purple box in the lower left of the slide for my narration. I included the two recommendations that Clark & Mayer suggest are representative of good e-Learning:

  1. Use of brief audio narration to explain on-screen graphics.
  2. Use of printed text for information that learners will need as reference for technical terms and less familiar material.